Lebanon’s diverse patchwork of Mediterranean-lapped coast, rugged alpine peaks,
and green fertile valleys is packed into a parcel of land some 225km long and 46km
wide – an area approximately the size of Cyprus or Connecticut. An ancient land,
Lebanon features in the writings of Homer and in the Old Testament. Its cities were
major outposts and seaports in Phoenician and Roman times, just two of the great c
ivilizations that touched this important Middle Eastern crossroads.
The cosmopolitan flair of modern-day Beirut, the gastronomic renown of the country’s f
ood and wine, and an educated and outward-looking population complement a country
that is both traditional and progressive in outlook. For all the flavors of its storied past and
rugged natural beauty, Lebanon is a well-kept tourist secret that begs exploration.
There are four main geographic regions in Lebanon, differentiated by topography and climate.
From west to east, they include: the coastal plain, the Mount Lebanon Range, the Békaa Valley,
and the Anti-Lebanon Range.
The Anti-Lebanon Range is a stretch of arid mountains that rise to the east of the Békaa Valley and form part of the country’s eastern border with Syria.