The Ancient Armenia
Armenia is a country with ancient history and rich culture. In fact, it is one of the oldest
countries in the world. Scientific research, numerous archaeological findings and old
manuscripts prove that the Armenian Highlands are the very Cradle of Civilization.
The Historical Armenia
The current Republic of Armenia makes up only a small part of what the historical
lands used to hold. Armenians are native to the land of the Armenian Highlands
which covers over 400,000 square km.
Since prehistoric times, the territory of Armenia has been populated by different tribes.
The first evidence of human settlement in Armenia dates back to 90,000 BC.
Further findings in caves and stone inscriptions are a proof of human settlement in
Armenia through Paleolithic period.
Throughout the 4th-1st centuries B.C. Armenia was the only country in the East that
independently adopted certain elements of Hellenistic civilization without the G
reek-Macedonian intervention. Hellenistic theater, arts and culture were popularly
accessed by the Armenian elite. Armenia was also full of multinational and self-governing
towns around that time.